Since the said on the Addition, specific adjectives are polysemous in a way that for every single feel falls into the a beneficial different category of the latest classifications only demonstrated. Think for instance the adjective economic for the Analogy (1), constant here as the Example (9) to have convenience. The two head senses out of economic instantiate the newest relational (sense in the Analogy (9a)) plus the qualitative group (feel inside Example (9b)), correspondingly.
Cases of typical polysemy within intensional and you may qualitative groups and additionally exist, because the portrayed inside Examples (12) and you may (13)
Crucially for the intentions, within the all the senses new adjective exhibits the latest attributes off each of the associated classes. Whenever made use of because good relational adjective, this is not gradable and cannot be used when you look at the an effective pre-moderate updates (Analogy (10)). Regarding the tests you to definitely follow, i point at the capturing so it hybrid behavior.
When made use of since a qualitative adjective, it is gradable also it can be taken predicatively (find Example (11))
Antic enjoys a couple significant senses, an effective qualitative one to (equal to ‘old, ancient’) and you will an intensional one (equal to ‘former’). Note once again you to, when utilized in the brand new intensional experience, it displays characteristics of your intensional class: It appears pre-nominally (Analogy (13a)) which is perhaps not gradable (Example (13b)).
Brand new class regarding alternative class, regarding knowledge-related adjectives, as well as raises typical polysemy, especially, anywhere between enjoy-relevant and you may qualitative adjectives, since the illustrated inside the Instances (14) and you will (15). The latest participial adjective sabut (‘known’) features a conference-relevant experience, equal to the new verb saber (‘know’), and you will a qualitative experience that can be interpreted because ‘wise’. As well, the newest deverbal adjective cridaner derived from cridar (‘so you’re able to shout’) alternates between a conference-related feel and you may an effective qualitative experience.
Examples (14) and (15) represent cases of regular polysemy due to the fact, as well as be taken regarding the translations, there’s a logical change out-of a clear relation towards the experiences so you can an excellent you to carries a more distant reference to the event. In the example of sabut this new loved ones is clear (in the event the one understands a lot, he’s smart); in the example of cridaner, a clothing qualifies to the adjective in case it is by way of example loud-colored otherwise has an eccentric reduce, so it growth the attention of individuals, because the shouting really does.
On this page, i merely envision version of polysemy you to definitely slashed along side category pursued. Other types of polysemy that have traditionally already been resolved on the books are not thought. By way of example, we are going to not be jswipe username concerned with the brand new polysemy illustrated in the Analogy (16), hence perhaps possess way more to do with the newest semantics of your own changed noun than simply that of brand new adjective (Pustejovsky 1995). Each of brand new spends regarding trist (‘sad’) depicted inside Example (16) end up in the qualitative group, very, contrary to the functions by Lapata (2000; Lapata (2001) cited in past times, we do not get rid of this new adjective while the polysemous from the perspective of the establish studies.
Given the crossbreed behavior regarding polysemous adjectives said from inside the Area step 3, we could assume that they function in another way from adjectives regarding earliest categories. For example, adjectives polysemous between a good qualitative and a great relational use would be to display a great deal more proof having gradability than absolute relational adjectives, but less than natural qualitative adjectives. Contained in this look at, polysemous adjectives get into a category, for instance, the newest qualitative-relational category, that is distinctive from the qualitative in addition to relational groups, generally appearing ability beliefs which can be in between the ones from the new very first categories. Contained in this point, we overview of experiments assessment correctly it model for normal polysemy. We shall ergo differentiate ranging from four form of adjectives: qualitative, intensional, relational, polysemous ranging from an excellent qualitative and a keen intensional understanding (intensional-qualitative), and polysemous ranging from a qualitative and you can a relational training (qualitative-relational). There is one to polysemous category missing (intensional-relational). No cases of polysemy anywhere between intensional and relational adjectives was indeed observed within our analysis.